Secretos alemanes de la 2a Guerra Mundial

26.02.2008 @ 15:34 \03\Tue, 26 Feb 2008 15:34:35 +0000\35 +0000 UTC

Navegando por ahí encontré un documento muy interesante escrito en 1946 en Harper’s Magazine, las segunda revista más vieja de publicación mensual en USA.

En el documento (.doc), que pueden bajar aquí, el autor menciona varios de los secretos más trascendentes descubiertos inmediatamente después de la 2a guerra mundial. Todo esto fue gracias a que los aliados llevaron a cabo operaciones para obtener toda la propiedad intelectual, inventos, patentes, etc. que los alemanes generaron durante la guerra.

Según el artículo miles de secretos/inventos fueron recolectados por dichas operaciones.

Los inventos van desde el Cassette, plasma sanguínea artificial, procesos avanzados de fabricación y rayos infrarrojos hasta cohetes intercontinentales.

El autor describe algunos de los inventos que le fueron presentados al momento de hacer el artículo. Por ejemplo este que narra el primer encuentro de los gringos con la eficiencia y procesos de manufactura avanzados…

“You see this”. . . the head of Communications Unit, TIIB, said to me. It was metal, and looked like a complicated doll’s house with the roof off. It is the chassis, or frame, for a radio. To make the same thing, Americans would machine cut, hollow, shape, fit-a dozen different processes. This is done on a press in one operation. It is called the cold extrusion_ process. We do it some with soft, splattery metals. But by this process the Germans do it with cold steel! Thousands of parts now made as castings or drop forgings or from malleable iron can now be made this way.

Cuando le mostraron la unidad de rayos infrarrojos:

He showed me then what had been two of the most closely-guarded technical secrets of the war: the infra-red device which the Germans invented for seeing at night, and the remarkable diminutive generator which operated it. German cars could drive at any speed in a total black-out, seeing objects clear as day two hundred meters ahead. Tanks with this device could spot targets two miles away. As a sniperscope it enabled German riflemen to pick off a man in total blackness.

There was a sighting tube, and a selenium screen out front. The screen caught the incoming infra-red light, which drove electrons from the selenium along the tube to another screen which was electrically charged and fluorescent. A visible image appeared on this screen. Its clearness and its accuracy for aiming purposes were phenomenal. Inside the tube, distortion of the stream of electrons by the earth’s magnetism was even allowed for!

Avances en la industria química manufacturera:

But of all the industrial secrets, perhaps the biggest windfall came from the laboratories and plants of the great German cartel, I. G. Farbenindustrie. Never before, it is claimed, was there such a store-house of secret information. It covers liquid and solid fuels, metallurgy, synthetic rubber, textiles, chemicals, plastics, drugs, dyes. One American dye authority declares:
It includes the production know-how and the secret formulas for over fifty thousand dyes. Many of them are faster and better than ours. Many are colors we were never able to make. The American dye industry will be advanced at least ten years.

Tecnología en refrigeración/calefacción

Refrigeration and air-conditioning on German U-boats had become so efficient that the submarines could travel from Germany to the Pacific , operate there for two months, and then return to Germany without having to take on fresh water for the crew.

Y tenían planeado fabricar misiles intercontinentales:

A long range rocket-motored bomber which, the war documents indicate, was never completed merely because of the wars quick ending, would have been capable of flight from Germany to New York in forty minutes. Pilot-guided from a pressurized cabin, it would have flown at an altitude of 154 miles. Launching was to be by catapult at 500 miles an hour, and the ship would rise to its maximum altitude in as short a time as four minutes. There, fuel exhausted, it would glide through the outer atmosphere, bearing down on its target. With one hundred bombers of this type the Germans hoped to destroy any city on earth in a few days operations.

Torpedos guíados por sonido:

A German variation of the guided air missile was a torpedo for underwater work which went unerringly to its mark, drawn by the propeller sound of the victim ship from as far away as ten miles. This missile swam thirty feet below the water, at forty miles an hour, and left no wake. When directly under its target, it exploded.

En el artículo hay un comentario de la fuerza aérea gringa:

Little wonder, then, that today Army Air Force experts declare publicly that in rocket power and guided missiles the Germans were ahead of us by at least ten years.

Tanto era el avance tecnológico que se llegó a pensar que con un poco más de tiempo (unos 6 meses) la guerra hubiera tomado otro rumbo diferente… favorable a Alemania.

All such revelations naturally raise the question: was Germany so far advanced in air, rocket, and missile research that, given a little more time, she might have won the war? German secrets, as now disclosed, would seem to indicate that possibility. And the Deputy Commanding General of Army Air Force Intelligence, Air Technical Service Command, has told the Society of Aeronautical Engineers within the past few months:
“The Germans were preparing rocket surprises for the whole world in general and England in particular which would have, it is believed, changed the course of the war if the invasion had been postponed for so short a time as half a year.”

Varias companías gringas querían tener acceso a dichos inventos pues les ahorraría anios de investigación:

The Bendix Company in South Bend, Indiana, writes for a German patent on the record player changer with records stacked above the turntable.

Pillsbury Mills wants to have what is available on German flour and bread production methods.

Kendall Manufacturing company (Soapine) wants insect repellent compounds.

Pioneer Hi-Bred Corn Company, Iowa, asks about interrogation of research workers at the agricultural high school at Hohenheim.

Pacific Mills requests I. G. Farbenindustrie’s water-repellent, crease-resistant finish for spun rayon.

The Polaroid Company would like something on the status of exploitation of photography and optics in Germany. (There are, incidentally, ten to twenty thousand German patents yet to be screened.)

Las companías gringas se beneficiaron mucho económicamente de la propiedad intelectual alemana (cof cof Apple cof cof):

After a certain American aircraft company had ordered a particular captured German document, it was queried as to whether the information therein had made it or saved it any money. The cost of the report had been a few dollars. The company answered: Yes-at lease a hundred thousand dollars.

A research head of another business firm took notes for three hours in the OTS offices one day. Thanks very much, he said, as he stood to go, the notes from these documents are worth at least half a million dollars to my company.
And after seeing the complete report on the German synthetic fiber industry, one American manufacturer remarked:
This report would be worth twenty million dollars to my company if it could have it exclusively.

En ese entonces el proceso de traducir los documentos de alemán a inglés era monumental. Hasta se tuvo que definir un nuevo glosario para los términos utilizados

Today translators and abstracters of the Office of Technical Services, successor to the OPB, are processing them at the rate of about a thousand a week. Indexing and cataloging the part of the collection which will be permanently kept may require more than two million cards; and at Wright Field the task is so complicated that electric punch-card machines are to be installed. A whole new glossary of German-English terms has had to be compiled on new technical and scientific items.

Publicar los documentos era un árduo trabajo también:

For the German secrets, which conventionally used to be counted in scores, will run to three-quarters of a million separate documentary items (two-thirds of them on aeronautics) and will require several years and several hundreds of people to screen and prepare them for wide public use.

Afortunadamente los tiempos han cambiado. USA ya no tiene acceso gratuito a propiedad intelectual alemana sino que paga billones de dólares por ella para aplicarla en varias industrias, la industria militar entre ellas.

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